تجارب زیستۀ اعضای هیئت‌ علمی از برنامه‌های درسی توسعۀ حرفه‌ای: یک الگوی مفهومی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکدۀ روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی،دانشگاه تهران، ایران

2 دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

این پژوهش جستاری در تجربۀ زیستۀ اعضای هیئت‌علمی دانشکده‌های ریاضیات، فنی و مهندسی و علوم پایه (STEM) در دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد در سال 1396 از اجرای برنامه‌های درسی توسعۀ حرفه‌ای است. داده‌های این پژوهش از طریق رویکرد کیفی و با روشی پدیدارشناسانه توصیفی و با ابزار مصاحبه نیمه ساختاریافته استخراج شده است و داده‎ها از طریق روش کدگذاری و مقوله‎بندی تجزیه و تحلیل شده‌اند. نمونه‌گیری در این بخش از طریق هدفمند از نوع معیاری بوده و در مجموع 21 نفر شرکت نموده‌اند. برای اعتبار یافته‌ها به‌وسیلۀ فن دلفی از سوی صاحب‌نظران و کارشناسان بر روی مقولات توافق شده است. با توجه به ساختار پژوهش و حوزه‌های چهارگانه در برنامه‌های درسی، برداشت محققین از مضامین و مفاهیم مرتبط با هر حوزه ارجاع داده شده است. در مجموع 37 مقوله و درنهایت به 4 طبقه کلی شامل طراحی و تدوین، اجرا، زمینه و ارزشیابی در سه بخش نقاط قوت، مسائل پیشرو و مطلوبیت برنامه‌های درسی مضمون یابی شد. نتایج این پژوهش نشان می‌دهد که فاصلۀ زیادی میان طراحی و اجرای برنامه‌ها بوده‌ است و هم‌چنین الگویی مفهومی مبتنی بر تجارب زیستۀ اعضای هیئت‌علمی تدوین و در انتها پیشنهاد‌هایی ارائه شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Faculty Members' Experiences of Professional Development Curriculum: A Conceptual Model

نویسندگان [English]

  • sadegh zaresefat 1
  • Marzieh Dehghani 1
  • rezvan hakimzadeh 1
  • Morteza Karami 2
  • Keyvan Salehi 1
1 Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Tehran University, Iran
2 Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
چکیده [English]

This research is based on the experience of the faculty members of the College of Mathematics, Engineering, and Basic Sciences (STEM) at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad in 2017 regarding the professional development curricula. The data of this research were extracted through a qualitative-descriptive phenomenological method with semi-structured interviewes as the tool. The collected data were analyzed through coding and categorization. Sampling in this section was targeted through a criterion type and a total of 21 individuals participated. The findings were validated by Delphi technique and expert agreements. The researchers' perceptions of the themes and concepts related to each field were collected with regard to four areas in the curriculum. Totally 37 categories were identified which were finally were classified under 4 main categories including design, implementation, field and evaluation in three areas of strengths, leading issues and desirability of curriculum. The results of this study revealed a great distance between the design and implementation was presented for the programs based on the life experience of the faculty members.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • life experience
  • professional development
  • university professor
  • qualitative research method
  • phenomenology
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